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While biology majors are among the most popular undergraduate majors for medical school, it’s not the only one.
Analysis from Earnest shows that 68% of those who complete a doctor of medicine have a previous degree in the biological sciences, a health-related field, bioengineering, or psychology. These majors are often an obvious choice for aspiring physicians since most schools have pre-med requirements in the sciences, but are they the best major?
Most Popular Pre-Med Majors
But science majors aren’t the only option nor are they necessarily the best for aspiring medical students, according to data from the Association of American Medical Colleges.
According to Earnest’s data, pre-med students are majoring in:
- Other sciences
- Health studies
- Other majors
We crunched the numbers on the educational paths of more than 80,000 Earnest loan applicants to create a typical (and hypothetical) MD class of 500 med students. Of the 500, nearly half—or 245—previously majored in biology or another biological science. The largest contingents with biological science majors include 36 biochemistry, 35 neurobiology, 21 molecular biology, and 18 physiology. Besides biology, the rest of this typical MD class is divided among non-biological science majors, the arts (including arts and design, English, humanities, and social sciences), health-related fields, engineering, and other disciplines.
In contrast with law, for example, med schools are much more likely to attract students who’ve been studying in a closely related field. Those who have studied in areas other than science often have a major related to medicine as well, such as bioengineering or psychology.
A Deeper Look at the Most Popular Backgrounds
We took a deeper dive into the data about the most popular areas of study for pre-med students to give more specific information about the types of degrees people earned before they went to medical school.
Most Popular Pre-Med Science Majors
The top five popular science majors for pre-med are:
- Biology ( general and other)
- Physical sciences
- Molecular biology
Science degrees undoubtedly made up the majority of the most popular degrees to study before medical school. Other popular science degrees included physiology and human biology, organic chemistry, microbiology, general sciences, computer and information sciences, ecology, zoology, botany, and mathematics.
Most Popular Pre-Med Arts Majors
Arts is a broader category of study, but the top four popular arts majors for pre-med are:
- Social sciences
- Art and design
- Liberal arts
Most Popular Pre-Med Health Majors
Health-related studied are a natural stepping stone to medical school, with the top five pre-med health majors being:
- Other medical specialties
- Public Health
- Health administration
Most Popular Engineering and Other Pre-Med Majors
Other majors like psychology, business, sports sciences, and education make up 13% of medical school admissions in our study. Engineering degrees like bioengineering, general and medical engineering round out the report, making up 7% of our study.
Which Pre-Med Majors Get Accepted to Medical School
However, if you’re in the minority of medical school applicants whose major is not in biology or the health sciences, take heart: Data from the Association of American Medical Colleges suggests that you may be more likely than your peers to matriculate, or receive and accept an offer of admission.
In fact, those most likely to matriculate have a background in other sciences and the arts. Of those who end up accepting an offer to attend medical school:
- 45% studied non-biological sciences
- 43% studied humanities and social sciences
- 39% studied biology
- 36% studied other non-science fields
- 31% studied health-care related fields
Read more: How to Pay for Medical School
The AAMC has also found that among these matriculated students, those from biological sciences, the humanities, and other fields have very similar overall GPAs, science GPAs, and MCAT scores. In the class of 2016, successful applicants from the biological sciences had a mean MCAT of 31 and GPA of 3.69, whereas those from the humanities had a mean MCAT of 31.8 and GPA of 3.66.
According to U.S. News & World Report, who reported this data, the scores for successful applicants from the non-biological sciences, social sciences, and health specializations were also similar.
Beyond test scores, applicants from the non-biological fields can bring a unique point of view that helps them shine in their admissions essays, medical school classrooms, and careers as clinicians. To attract well-rounded applicants who would excel at communicating with patients, the highly-ranked program at Mount Sinai has even launched a program to attract more students from the humanities specifically.
To get into medical school, prospective students need to maintain a high GPA, especially in prerequisite courses and study for the MCAT exam. Beyond that, the path is open.
Regarding selecting a major, students are more likely to thrive when they’ve chosen subjects that they’re naturally drawn to and in which they have an aptitude, rather than those that they expect to be “easy” or “difficult.” This may be a major related to biology, or something else. That way, a student is more likely to have compelling alternatives if they decide to change paths, while also earning the grades that will put medical school within reach.